CTET Notes on Social Studies Free PDF || Traders, Kings and Pilgrims

In CTET Exam, the Social Studies section comprises a total of 60 questions of 60 marks, in which 40 questions come from the content section i.e.History, Geography, and Political Science, and the rest 20 questions from Social Studies Pedagogy section. Here, we are providing important Complete study notes on Social Studies which will be very helpful for upcoming CTET and other teaching exams.

CTET Notes on History-  Traders, Kings, and Pilgrims

Trade and Traders

South India was famous from India to Europe for gold, precious gems, and spices, especially pepper. Pepper was so valuable that it was called ‘black gold’ in the Roman Empire.

Traders sent these products from India to Rome either by ships or caravans, and the trade was very prosperous. Many Roman gold coins are found in India, especially at ancient ports.

Traders traveling to and from India sailed along the coasts of countries. But in monsoons, they used the monsoon winds to travel faster, directly crossing the Arabian Sea or the Bay of Bengal

New kingdoms along the coasts

Muvendar is a Tamil word meaning three chiefs. It is used for the heads of three ruling families, the Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas.

They became powerful in South India around 2300 years ago.

Each of the three chiefs had two centers of power: one inland and one on the coast.

Of these six cities, two were very important:

Puhar or Kaveripattinam- the port of the Cholas.

Madurai- the capital of the Pandyas.

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