CTET Notes on Social Science Free PDF || Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Year

In CTET Exam, the Social Studies section comprises a total of 60 questions of 60 marks, in which 40 questions come from the content section i.e.History, Geography, and Political Science, and the rest 20 questions from the Social Studies Pedagogy section. Here, we are providing important Complete study notes on Social Studies which will be very helpful for upcoming CTET and other teaching exams.

CTET Notes on History- Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Year


A map of the Indian sub-continent, made by a famous Arab geographer — al-Idrisi — in 1154, shows south India in the north and Sri Lanka at the top. But another map of the same area made by a French, Guillaume de l’Isle in 1720 is quite different from what al-Idrisi made.

New and Old Terminologies

-In the Mughal era, ‘Hindustan’ was the most common term for India.

-In the 13th century, the term Hindustan was used by the Persians and Mughals to mean the areas around the Indus-river valley in north-west India (Punjab, Haryana, and the lands between the Ganga and the Yamuna rivers), but not south India.

-Historians have to check the meanings of the terms and words they use, as they change from time to time. For example, today we use the term ‘foreigner’ to mean someone who is not an Indian, but in the medieval period, it meant any stranger who was not a part of a society or culture.

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