In CTET Exam, the Social Studies section comprises a total of 60 questions of 60 marks, in which 40 questions come from the content section i.e.History, Geography, and Political Science, and the rest 20 questions from the Social Studies Pedagogy section. Here, we are providing important Complete study notes on Social Studies which will be very helpful for upcoming CTET and other teaching exams.
CTET Notes on History- New Kings And Kingdoms of Medieval
The Emergence of New Dynasties
-Rich landlords or warrior chiefs became subordinates of kings and were given title of samantas, and were expected to bring gifts for their kings or overlords, had to be present at their courts and would provide them military support. With more power and wealth, samantas became maha-samantas.
-Dantidurga, who was a Rashtrakuta chief, performed hiranya-garbha ritual to became a Kshatriya and then he overthrew his Chalukya overlord.
Administration in the Kingdoms
-Kings shared their administrative power with samantas, Brahmans, traders, and associations of peasants.
-Peasants, cattle-keepers, artisans, and all those who produced something, had to pay taxes or rents, and traders had to pay revenue.
-Under the Chola dynasty, there were around 400 different types of taxes, from which vetti (forced labour), and kadamai (land revenue) were the most common.
-The reasons of collecting taxes were; to fulfil the finance of the king’s establishments, to build temples and forts, and to fight wars.