CTET Notes on Social Science Free PDF || New Empires and Kingdoms

In CTET Exam, the Social Studies section comprises a total of 60 questions of 60 marks, in which 40 questions come from the content section i.e.History, Geography, and Political Science, and the rest 20 questions from Social Studies Pedagogy section. Here, we are providing important Complete study notes on Social Studies which will be very helpful for upcoming CTET and other teaching exams.

CTET Notes on History-  New Empires and Kingdoms


Samudragupta was a legendary king of the Gupta dynasty, and we know about him from the inscriptions on the Ashokan pillar in Allahabad.

The inscription was composed in Sanskrit by his court poet Harisena in 300 AD.

Inscriptions that praise kings and tell us about their lives are known nas prashastis (Sanskrit word meaning  ‘in praise of‘).

Samudragupta’s  Prashasti

The poet Harisena praised Samudragupta as a poet, a great warrior, an erudite scholar, and a philanthropist; he is also often mentioned as being equal to gods.

In the prashastiHarisena has described four kinds of rulers and Samudragupta’s policies towards them;

1. Nine Aryavrata rulers who were defeated, their empires destroyed, and their lands included in Samudragupta’s empire.

2. Twelve rulers in the Dakshinpatta who were defeated and then allowed to rule as vassals.

3. Rulers of Assamcoastal BengalNepal and and a few gana sanghas who were forced to pay tributefollow orders and attend Samudragupta’s court.

4. The descendants of the Kushanas, the Shakas, and the rulers of Sri Lanka surrendered and made marital alliances with the Guptas.

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