508 (Block 2) NIOS D.El.Ed- Most Important Question Answer for 4th Semester Examination, 2019

NIOS D.El.Ed Question Answer 508 & 509- Hello D.El.Ed friends, We have prepared important long questions from course 508 and 509  in PDF format with free of cost. All Important long questions from Course 508 Block 2 is given in this PDF file. NIOS D.El.Ed Question Answer 508 & 509. Most Important Question Answer for 4th Semester Examination, 2019

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Q1. What are the main aspects of Health?

Ans- Health is not merely the condition of being free
from illness, injury or pain, it is your overall state of wellness on all
levels of your being: physical, social, emotional, mental and spiritual. Some
of the factors that influence health are environmental, behavioral, social,
cultural, economic, and political.

Main Aspects of Health are:
health can be defined as an essential part of overall health of an individual,
which include everything from physical fitness to overall wellness. A good physical
health means every external part of our body functions properly as it is commonly
supposed to function. It also indicates wellness of our internal body organs
and systems. A successful physical health programme should help children in
learning how to care for their body (grooming, cleaning), healthy eating and
sleeping habits, activity as a way to enjoy themselves and stretch their body,
to look at their body as a tool that needs to be well maintained to serve them
health in this context includes one’s ability to appropriately express their
emotions, their ability to learn, and their ability to have meaningful social
interactions and connections. Maintaining these aspects of emotional health can
at times be difficult for students because of the many adjustments they make
when attending school and the high levels of stress that they face during the
exam.  A successful emotional health
programme should help children in learning how to respect their emotions rather
than feel embarrassed or inconvenienced by them, how to manage their emotions
and act constructively; how to respond to other people’s emotional reactions.
health is a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her
own abilities; can cope with the normal stresses of
life; can work productively
and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to his or her
community. The
importance of maintaining a
good mental health is crucial to living a long and
healthy life. Mental health can enhance the joy of
well-being is a very important part in creating and maintaining a balanced and
healthy lifestyle. Students may become so overwhelmed with school that they
might neglect this part of their well-being.
Some components of social wellness include:
The caring and healthy relationships you have in
your life
Your social network, such as what clubs and/or
organizations you belong to
Your level of safety
Your housing situation
Your level of interdependence, and if you are
willing to accept and give
help to other people.
A successful Social health programme should help
children in learning how to communicate so they can be understood, how to deal
with peer pressure in a realistic way, building confidence and trusting
themselves, how to honor differences while respecting one’s own point of view,
awareness of how they present themselves and what they’re getting back from
others as a result, compassion and empathy for others.
wellness may not be something that you think much of, yet its impacton your
life is unavoidable. The basis of spirituality is discovering a sense of meaningfulness
in your life and coming to know that you have a purpose to fulfill. For some,
spirituality may be equated with traditional religions such as Christianity,
Hinduism or Buddhism. For others, it may mean growing in your personal
relationships with others, or through being at peace with nature. A successful
Spiritual health programme should help children in exploring not just a
relationship with God (or whatever you choose to call the greater process) but
also with their own sense of divinity and greater purpose, and discovering a sense
of priorities outside of the physical realm. This is a process that can work within
or completely without formal religion.

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Q2. What is the
significance of health for individual, family and society?

Ans- Health is an invaluable part of a human being’s
life. Without it, people can become uninspired, de-motivated, and unable to
thrive for success. So, some individuals visit their doctors regularly to make
sure they are in tiptop shape. Likewise, there are those who purchase insurance
coverage so they can receive the best healthcare should there be a need in the

 It is a sad
reality that some people just take their health for granted. They do not exercise.
They do not observe proper diets. Instead, indulge themselves in things that
are not good for the body. It is because they have not been taught what exactly
is the importance of their body’s well-being. There are several advantages of a
healthy life. Your body will be free from various forms of health problems and
thus you will get a longer life. You can live a life without suffering from
aches, pains and discomfort. You will be able to perform in every sphere of
your life to the best of your ability. Apart from this, it makes you look good
and attractive and you start feeling good about yourself. When
you are healthy, you can lead a physically active
life even after growing old. Your body will be able to heal faster the regular
wear and tear associated with aging. In short, good health brings about a drastic
improvement in the overall quality of your life. Kid’s health is important for
proper growth and development of their mind and body. They require enough
energy to spend the entire day in school. Today, most parents have a basic
knowledge of food and health related issues. However, they often fail to
understand why health care is important for their children. Regular health
check up with a health care provider is a must for every child. This helps to
learn from the experts whether the child’s development in terms of height and
The family as a social institution has as its core relationship
two parents tied together in an emotional axis from which stem many feelings,
needs and actions which are often poorly understood by the parents themselves.ach
family evolves its own emotional atmosphere, and the emotional climate may have
either a constructive or a destructive effect upon the child’s health.
Following birth the child continues to develop in the setting of the family, which
functions to provide protection from the hazards of living and to promote
health and prevent disease. Healthy relationships in the family provide the
opportunity for the child to develop stability and grow emotional maturity.
When a person does not keep himself healthy, it can
affect how he accomplishes his functions to society. For instance, if he keeps
getting sick, it will hamper his ability to do his work because he will keep on
calling in sick. This would cause a chain reaction: the productivity of the
company he works for will be negatively affected by his absences and in turn
his reputation will be impacted. He may end up losing his job because of his
sporadic attendance caused by being sick a lot of times. Social class is one
such fundamental force. Research on the social-class gradient suggests the
importance for health of individuals being able to control their destinies and
of being able to participate in the social factors that influence their lives.
Community development programs that fail to take into account the issues of
control and participation will not be as effective as they should be.

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Q3. What are the principles of First Aid? Briefly discuss the
First Aid in case of bleeding and unconsciousness to be given to a child
In case somebody gets injured by an accident we cannot reach the
doctor at once. The immediate physical and medical attention needed by the
injured person or given to the same before the proper medical aid arrives is
called First Aid. Although it is not the purpose of First Aid to treat the
disease but it helps the victim in many ways. It preserves life, prevents
aggravation of the disease or trouble, assists in recovery, controls the
trouble for some time, and preserves the moral of the victim to fight the
trouble. The role of the first aider is over as soon as medical aid becomes
available. Sometimes some minor injuries may not require treatment after first

Do not panic.

Survey the scene and determine if it is safe to work in.

Do a primary survey of the victim called the ABC i.e. the air way open, the
victim breathing, there severe cut and bleeding.

Do not crowd around the injured person.

When the injury is serious also call for the doctor.

Let the fresh air come in.

Do not remove clothes unnecessarily.
is the duty of the school to issue a First Aid Box to every class teacher. This
box should be approachable and contain absorbent cotton, wool pad, gauze
pieces, roller bandages, adhesive plasters, tincture iodine, tincture benzoic,
scissors, forceps, dettol, burnol, boric acid, soda bicarbonate, antiseptic
cream, torch etc.
Aid in case of bleeding and unconsciousness to be given to a child:
capillary bleeding cover the wound with gauze and bandage tightly. In artery
bleeding apply pressure with your thumbs on the bleeding spots at the upper
part of the artery. In vein bleeding, raise the injured part above the level of
the heart and press over the part of the vein distal to the wound. In the case
of bleeding from nose throw the head backwards, allow breathing by mouth and
keep an ice bag on the Childs nose.
someone appears to be unconscious or unresponsive, the first thing to do is ask
them if they are okay in a loud voice; then gently shake them, unless they
appear to have a spinal cord injury. Keep the fainted child flat with head low.
Loosen tight clothing, allow fresh air, splash cold water on face, give
ammonium carbonate or crushed onion to inhale. On recovery give tea.
every school should prepare one room as school clinic to look after the health
of the children, to arrange for medical examination, to guide them to adopt
preventive measures against various diseases and to provide treatment of minor
elements. In case any teacher finds a student not keeping well, should send him
to the school clinic and ensure that satisfactory treatment is carried out.

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Q4. What are the aims and objectives of
physical education?
Ans- Aim of physical education, like general education,
is to develop human personality in its totality through well planned activity
programs. In other words, physical education aims at the all round development
of the personality of an individual or wholesome development of human
personality. It includes physical, mental, social, emotional and moral aspects
of personality to make an individual a good citizen who is able to make
contribution in the development process of nation. Thus, physical education
means making an individual physical fit, mentally alert, emotionally balanced,
socially well adjusted, morally true and spiritually uplifted. Objectives are
steps considered towards the attainment of the aim. They are the particular and
precise means employed to realize an aim.
The main outcomes of physical education programme are –
1. Physically fit – It refers to that state where an individual has developed great
endurance, speed, strength etc. Physical fitness is essential to leading a
happy, vigorous and abundant life. During participation in various physical activities,
all the major muscles of the body are exercised which helps developing all the
components of physical fitness.
2. Socially efficient – It concerns with one’s proper adaptation to group living.
Physical education activities provides ample opportunities to develop traits
such as cooperation, respect to others, loyalty, sportsmanship, self confidence
etc. All these qualities help a person to make him a good citizen.
3. Emotionally balanced
– It means being able to control and regulate your emotions
so that life is more balanced or being able to access resourceful emotional
states when you need them. Physical education makes a person emotionally
4. Mentally strong – It aims at developing memory, decision making and reasoning
power. If a person is mentally strong, his confidence will automatically
increase. Through participation in various games, one can develop all these qualities.
5. Spiritually
enlightening –
It’s about the practice of deep insight into the meaning
and purpose of all things, communication with or understanding of the mind of
God, profound spiritual understanding or a fundamentally changed consciousness
whereby everything is perceived as a unity.
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