KKHSOU D.El.Ed(ODL)-10 Most Important Question Answer (Paper 05) Proficiency in English

ODL D.El.Ed Question Answer – Hello D.El.Ed friends, We have prepared 10 Important questions from Paper 05 free of cost. All important  questions from Paper 05 (Proficiency in English) are given below:

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

Q1. Briefly discuss
language as a symbolic system
The term symbol implies that “language is a symbolic system”. The symbolic
nature of language implies that these are rarely an inherent association
between a word and the object or concept that it denotes. It means that there
is arbitrariness in its semantic convensions. We can say that the relation
between a word and the thing that the word denotes is arbitrary. We cannot
justify why a dog is called dog in English, kukur in Assamese, kutta in Hindi
or for that matter chien in French.
term system implies that language is creative or productive. Language provides
us with a framework for generating appropriate utterances rather than providing
us with a stock of ready-made utterances. We can create utterances never
uttered before. When a child learns a new language, you will desire that the
child does not repeat the sentences that she has heard. She processes the
utterances to form new sentences. This is the Language Acquisition Device of
human beings.

Q2. Discuss the ‘Three
Language Formula’.

The three-language formula evolved as a consensus in 1961 and modified by the
Kothari Commission (1964- 1966) seeking to accommodate the interests of
different mothertongue speakers, national pride and unity among others. The
threelanguage formula has meanwhile been accepted by all states for designing
the language components in the school curriculum.
three-language formula as per the National Education Policy of 1968 is as
·       The
first language to be studied must be the mother-tongue (MT) or the regional
language (RL). 
·       The
second language – In Hindi speaking states, the second language will be some
other modern Indian Language or English. – In non-Hindi speaking states, the
second language will be Hindi or English. 
·       The
third languageIn Hindi speaking states, the third language will be English or a
Modern Indian Language (MIL) not studied as L2 .
spirit of the three-language formula provides that : 
Ø the
L1 is the learner’s MT or RL. 
Ø the
L2 is English or Hindi 
Ø the
L3 is Hindi for non-Hindi speakers and a South Indian language or Sanskrit for
Hindi speakers.

is from this point of view we will refer to the learner’s L1 and L2 .

Q3. Define the term

Communication is the activity of conveying information. Communication can be
verbal or non-verbal. Verbal communication is the communication that takes
place through the medium of language either through the spoken or through the
written mode. Non-verbal 
 communication is communication that takes
place through the medium of non-word messages. Our gestures, our body language,
our facial expression, our eye contact are all non-verbal communication.
are some scholars who would like to consider the paralinguistic features used
in oral communication as non-verbal elements. Paralinguistic features include
the supra-segmental features of speech, namely, stress, rhythm and intonation.
They also include voice quality and speaking style. Oral communication includes
Ø face-to-face
informal conversation
Ø telephonic
Ø speeches,
presentations and discussions 
Ø interviews
Q4. Briefly explain the
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
Sapir-Whorf Hypothes is  named after the
American linguist Edward Sapir (1884- 1939) and his student Benjamin Lee Whorf
(1897-1941). The hypothesis claims that our thinking is affected by the grammar
of our language. Grammar involves conceptual distinctions that are very general
and that which we use very frequently. Whorf claims that a grammatical
knowledge helps to establish a link between language and thought. Language
becomes a means of thought. Language affects the way in which we understand our
experience at all times. Language, according to this hypothesis is the grammar
of the language which is the only thing that influences our thinking. This
observation implies that the effects of our grammatical system will be much
more dominant and important than those of individual lexical items.

 For Complete Answer(PDF)  Click Here

(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});