NIOS D.El.ED Assignment Answers of Course 506 Assignment I.


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Hello teachers, NIOS D.El.Ed has published all the assignment questions from the course 506 to 510. we have prepared solutions of course 506, Assignment I and other solutions will be published very soon. Download link is given below:


1.    
Write reasons, why it is
important to know the relative role of heredity and environment for a teacher?
Answer- We cannot study about the influence of heredity or
environment separated from each other. They are not contradictory but
complementary to each other. Heredity can be compared to raw material and
environment to technique which helps this raw material to be developed into
product. Thus the traits inherited by a child are shaped and moulded by the
environment to develop a well balanced personality of the child. Sir Percy Nunn
says, ‘’Circumstances of life are to men what rocks and winds and currents are
to a ship, merely accidents that make their qualities manifest, but have
nothing whatever to do with producing them.”
The knowledge
of relative role of heredity and environment is very important on the part of
the teacher so that he can help his students in learning concepts better. The
knowledge of both the factors will help the teacher in finding out the
individual difference among his students in learning either Mathematics or
English as well as in adjusting his teaching method and techniques accordingly,
like project method and communicative teaching techniques.
The two forces
heredity and environment are not opposed to each other, but are complementary
like seed and soil, ship and current, warp and woof, bed and stream etc. Both
of these forces are required for the same purpose. The heredity is the raw
material out of which the object is to be prepared, and environment in the
technique and other material for the manufacture. Environment is nothing but a
process under suitable conditions to change the shape of raw material just as
potter does while making toys of mud. Human behaviour is the product of
heredity and environment.
Every child is
gifted with some virtues and assets. Hence it is the duty of each teacher to
get complete data about the inborn traits and virtues of each child. Many
children get wrong guidance or no guidance because their talents were not
discovered in time. All traits depend both on genetic and environmental
factors. Heredity and environment interact to produce their effects. This means
that the way genes act depends on the environment in which they act. In the
same way, the effects of environment depend on the genes with which they work.
For example,
people vary in height. Although height is highly heritable, environmental
variables can have a large impact. For example, Japanese-Americans are on the
average taller and heavier than their second cousins who grew up in Japan,
reflecting the effect of environmental variables, especially dietary
differences.
Therefore, the teacher must plan to provide better education and better
environment. He should study the child, his/her abilities as well as
environment. Relative effect of the forces of heredity and environment on human
development 
and their inter-relationship is of great significances


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2. Do you feel gender discrimination exists in our society?
Justify your answer with suitable examples
Answer– Yes, I
feel gender discrimination exists in our society. Discrimination refers to
treatment or considerations against a person or group merely because the person
or group belongs to a particular class or category. Gender discrimination is
sometimes referred to sexism. Sexism occurs in any social situation where a
prejudicial treatment occurs. Discrimination disregards individual need, merit
and potential. Thus discrimination has a negative connotation. Gender
discrimination is discrimination on the basis of sex. It is the unequal
treatment of a person based solely on that person. This is considered a form of
prejudice and is illegal in certain circumstance. Providing separate toilets
for boys and girls does not tantamount to discrimination. Instead, it is an act
showing gender sensitivity.
For Example, A girl in a family wants
to go to her friend’s house for doing a project. She is either not allowed or
asked to come back before it is dusk. No such restrictions are placed on boys.
Simply, she is not allowed to do certain things because she is a ‘girl’. We
often see boys playing in the open ground with lot of sports materials. Girls
on the other hand are allowed to play indoor games with hardly any play
material. Why does this happen? Is this justified?
Gender discrimination begins before
the birth of a girl child. This is underscored by large instances of female feticide
despite laws against this practice. Preferences of parents/society for boy
babies is too well known. Girls are largely neglected in the family while the
boys get special treatment. The nutritional and health requirements of girls
are generally neglected.
Many young girls have to assist in
household work, take care of their younger siblings and hence are forced to
stay at home. This affects their education and future apart from taking away
their childhood. There are many instances where girls are taken out of the
schools on attaining puberty. Women are harassed for not bealing a male child.
Traditionally women’s work is helping
and supportive jobs. These jobs are not considered comparable in worth to the
work that men do. This leads to wage gaps. Women clustered in low paying
positions have lowered bargaining power. Women are also more likely than men to
work part-time, take time off for family reasons. This affects their take-home
pay, and career opportunities. The wage gap is quite visible in our society.
Gender discrimination strengthens
prejudice and promotes an unjust and unequal society. We must overcome this
inequality because it is unfair and wrong. Education can serve a powerful tool
in redefines gender relations and gender power and thus can bring about social
transformation.


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